Взаимодействие поликарбоната с химическими веществами

Стойкость к воздействию химических веществ.

Поликарбонат чувствителен к воздействию следующих химических веществ: минеральных кислот различной концентрации, органических кислот, растворов солей, различных жиров, аммиака — в жидком (растворы) и газообразном состоянии, различных аминокислот, растворителей, клеев определенных видов и красителей. Степень чувствительности к химическим веществам зависит от таких факторов, как концентрация, температура, продолжительность контакта с поверхностью панели, давления, а также напряжений в панели.
В заводской лаборатории проводятся тщательные испытания по проверке соответствия применяемых химических веществ материалу панели (см. таблицу).
Более подробный перечень данных, характеризующих стойкость материала панели к различным химическим веществам, можно получить в лаборатории «Полигаль».

 

A. Chemicals

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Acetic acid, up to 10% Allyl alcohol Acetaldehyde
Acetylene Cyclohexanal Acetone
Alumen Cyclohexane Acrylonitrile
Calcium soap fat, pure Chloroform
Ammonium chloride, solution in water Glycerin Aniline
Aluminium oxalate Diphyl 5.3 Ammonium sulphide, solution in water
Boric acid Potato-spirit oil Butyl acid
Carbon monoxide Caustic soda
Ammonium fluoride, saturated solution in water Isopropyl alcohol Benzaldehyde
Ammonium nitrate, saturated solution in water Lead tetraethyl, 10% in benzine Benzoic acid
Ammonium sulphate, saturated solution in water Milk of lime, 30% slurry in water Benzene
Antimony chloride, saturated solution in water Nitric acid, 10-20% Benzyl alcohol
Arsenic acid, 20% Perchloric acid, concentrated Bromine
Benzine (Petroleum Benzin) (non-aromatic) Petroleum ether (cardon hydrogen mixture) Brombenzene
Borax, saturated solution in water Petroleum Butyric acid
Aluminium sulfate, saturated solution in water Formic acid Amyl acetate
Butane (liquid and gaseous) Sodium sulphite, saturated solution in water Butyl acetate
Butyl alcohol Sulphur dioxide Carbon bisulphide
Butylene glycol Sulphuric acid, 70% Chloric gas, dry
Calcium chloride, saturated solution in water Trichloroethyl phosphate (softener) Chloric gas, moist
Calcium nitrate, saturated solutionin water Trichloroacetic acid, 10% Chlorobenzene
Aluminum chloride anhydrous, solution in water Dinonyl phtalate (softener) Ammonia
Calcium hypochloride Caustic potash
Carbon dioxide, moist Caustic potash solution
Aluminum alumen potash, saturated solution in water Dioctyl phtalate (softener) Ammonia water
Chloride of lime magma Cresol
Chloride of lime solution, 2% in water Cyclohexanone
Chromic alum, saturated solution in water Diamyl phtalate
Chromic acid, 20% in water Diethyl ether
Citric acid 10% Dibutyl phtalate (softener)
Copper chloride, saturated solution in water Dimethyl formamide
Copper chlorine, saturated solution in water Dioxan
Cupric sulphate, saturated solution in water Ether
Decalin Ethyl amine
Diethylene glycol Ethyl bromide
Diglycol acid, saturated solution in water Ethylene chlorohydrine
Ethyl alcohol, 96% pure Ethyl dichloride
Ethylene glycol Hydrochloride acid, concentrated
Formalin 10% Hydrofluoric acid, concentrated
Ferric chloride, saturated solution in water Iodine
Ferrous sulphate Methyl methacrylate
Glycol Methanol
Heptane Methyl amine
Hexane Methyl ethyl ketone
Hydrochloride acid, 20% Methylene chloride
Hydrosilicofluoric acid, 30% Narton solution
Hydrofluoric acid, 5% Nitric acid, 20%
Hydrogen superoxide, 30% Nitro benzene
Illuminating gas Nitrous fumes, dry
Lactic acid, 10% solution in water Perchlorethylene
Ligroine (cardon-hydrogen mixture) Phenol
Magnesium chloride, saturated solution in water Phenyl ethyl alcohol
Magnesium sulphate, saturated solution in water Phosphorus oxychloride
Manganese sulphate, saturated solution in water Potassium cyanide
Mercury Pyridine
Mercury chloride, saturated Styrene
Methane Sulphuric acid, concentrated
Nitric acid, 10% Sulphurous acid, 10%
Oxalic acid, 10% in water Sulphury chloride
Oxide of zine Tetrachloroethane
Oxygen Tetrahydrofurane
Ozone Tetraline
Pentane Thiophene
Perchloric acid, 10% in water Toluol
Perhydrol 30% Trichloroethylamine
Potassium bichromate, saturated solution in water Trichloroethylene
Potassium bromate, saturated solution in water Tricresylol phosphate (softener)
Potassium carbonate, saturated solution in water Xylol
Potassium chloride, saturated solution in water
Potassium nitrate, saturated solution in water
Potassium metabisulphite, 4% in water
Potassium rhodanide, saturated in water
Potassium perchlorate, 10% in water
Potassium permanganate, 10% in water
Potassium persulphate, 10% in water
Potassium sulphate, saturated solution in water
Propane gas
Propanyl alcohol
Propionic acid, concentrated
Propyl alcohol
Resorcin solution, 1%
Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, saturated solution in water
Sodium bisulphate, saturated solution in water
Sodium bisulphite, saturated solution in water
Sodium carbonate, saturated solution in water
Sodium chlorate, saturated solution in water
Sodium chloride, saturated solution in water
Sodium hypochloride, 0.5% solution in water
Sodium sulphate, saturated solution in water
Spirit, pure
Sublimate, saturated solution in water
Sulphur
Sulphuric acid, 50%
Sulphuretted hydrogen
Tartaric acid, 10%
Urea, saturated solution in water
Water
Zinc chloride, saturated solution in water
Zinc sulphate, saturated solution in water

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B. Germicides

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Baktol, 5% Dimamine T, 5% Carbolic acid
Chloramine Sagrotan, 5% DDT
Delegol, 5% Tincture of iodine TB-Lysoform
Hydrogen superoxide Zephirol
Lysoform, 2%
Maktol
Merfen, 2%
Oktozon, 1%
Perhydrol
Resorcin solution 1%
Spirit, pure
Sublimate
Trosilon G extra, 1.5%

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C. Detergents

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Ajax
Javel water
Laundry soap
Silicone fluid-emulsion
Soft soap

D. Technical Oils & Lubricants

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Aral BG®58 Diesel oil Camphor oil
Automatic switch grease Heating fuel oil Drilling oil
Baysilon®-silicone oils Jet propulsion fuel JP4 (kp 97-209°C) Skydrol 500 A®
BP Energol HL 100® Shell Tellus 11-33®
BP Energol EM 100® Turpentine oil
BP H LR 65® Valvoline WA 4-7
Brake fluid (ATE) Varnish
Burnishing oil Brunofix®
Cable insulating oil IG 1402
Cable insulating oil KH 190
Calcium soap fat
Castor oil
Contact oil 611
Esso Estic 42-45®
Fish oil
Grease R Z Darina®
Hydraulic oil Vac HLP 16
Mobil DTE oil light®
Mobil special oil 10 w 30®
Molikote®-paste
Molikote®-powder
Nato-turbine oil 0-250
Naphtenic lubricating oil
Paraffin oil
Polyran® MM25 (lubricating oil)
Rape seed oil
Renocalor N®
Sewing machine oil
Shell Spriax 90 EP®
Shell Tellus 33®
Silicone fluid
Sodium soap fat
Texaco Regal oil BRUO®
Texaco Regal oil CRUO®
Train oil
Turbo oil 29

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E. Adhesives & Sealing Materials

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Cellux® — adhesive film All-purpose glue
Gypsum
Insulating tape
Perbunan C®
Putty
Rubber (softener-free)
Terostat®
Tesafilm
Tesamoll®
Sea 210
Silpruf
Serbaseal MP
Dow Corning 917
Dow Corning 3793 (w.)
Dow Corning 7098
Dow Corning 791
Parasilico PL (cl.)
Proglaze
3M 431 -aluminum tape
Gerlinger 712 -aluminum tape

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F. Polishing Agents & Antistatics

Safe Not Recommended Prohibited
Delu-Antistatic solution® Antistaticum 58 Antistatic C, 5%
Persoftal®, 2% Arquad 18®, 50%
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