Взаимодействие поликарбоната с химическими веществами

Стойкость к воздействию химических веществ.

Поликарбонат чувствителен к воздействию следующих химических веществ: минеральных кислот различной концентрации, органических кислот, растворов солей, различных жиров, аммиака — в жидком (растворы) и газообразном состоянии, различных аминокислот, растворителей, клеев определенных видов и красителей. Степень чувствительности к химическим веществам зависит от таких факторов, как концентрация, температура, продолжительность контакта с поверхностью панели, давления, а также напряжений в панели.
В заводской лаборатории проводятся тщательные испытания по проверке соответствия применяемых химических веществ материалу панели (см. таблицу).
Более подробный перечень данных, характеризующих стойкость материала панели к различным химическим веществам, можно получить в лаборатории «Полигаль».

 

A. Chemicals

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Acetic acid, up to 10%Allyl alcoholAcetaldehyde
AcetyleneCyclohexanalAcetone
AlumenCyclohexaneAcrylonitrile
Calcium soap fat, pureChloroform
Ammonium chloride, solution in waterGlycerinAniline
Aluminium oxalateDiphyl 5.3Ammonium sulphide, solution in water
Boric acidPotato-spirit oilButyl acid
Carbon monoxideCaustic soda
Ammonium fluoride, saturated solution in waterIsopropyl alcoholBenzaldehyde
Ammonium nitrate, saturated solution in waterLead tetraethyl, 10% in benzineBenzoic acid
Ammonium sulphate, saturated solution in waterMilk of lime, 30% slurry in waterBenzene
Antimony chloride, saturated solution in waterNitric acid, 10-20%Benzyl alcohol
Arsenic acid, 20%Perchloric acid, concentratedBromine
Benzine (Petroleum Benzin) (non-aromatic)Petroleum ether (cardon hydrogen mixture)Brombenzene
Borax, saturated solution in waterPetroleumButyric acid
Aluminium sulfate, saturated solution in waterFormic acidAmyl acetate
Butane (liquid and gaseous)Sodium sulphite, saturated solution in waterButyl acetate
Butyl alcoholSulphur dioxideCarbon bisulphide
Butylene glycolSulphuric acid, 70%Chloric gas, dry
Calcium chloride, saturated solution in waterTrichloroethyl phosphate (softener)Chloric gas, moist
Calcium nitrate, saturated solutionin waterTrichloroacetic acid, 10%Chlorobenzene
Aluminum chloride anhydrous, solution in waterDinonyl phtalate (softener)Ammonia
Calcium hypochlorideCaustic potash
Carbon dioxide, moistCaustic potash solution
Aluminum alumen potash, saturated solution in waterDioctyl phtalate (softener)Ammonia water
Chloride of lime magmaCresol
Chloride of lime solution, 2% in waterCyclohexanone
Chromic alum, saturated solution in waterDiamyl phtalate
Chromic acid, 20% in waterDiethyl ether
Citric acid 10%Dibutyl phtalate (softener)
Copper chloride, saturated solution in waterDimethyl formamide
Copper chlorine, saturated solution in waterDioxan
Cupric sulphate, saturated solution in waterEther
DecalinEthyl amine
Diethylene glycolEthyl bromide
Diglycol acid, saturated solution in waterEthylene chlorohydrine
Ethyl alcohol, 96% pureEthyl dichloride
Ethylene glycolHydrochloride acid, concentrated
Formalin 10%Hydrofluoric acid, concentrated
Ferric chloride, saturated solution in waterIodine
Ferrous sulphateMethyl methacrylate
GlycolMethanol
HeptaneMethyl amine
HexaneMethyl ethyl ketone
Hydrochloride acid, 20%Methylene chloride
Hydrosilicofluoric acid, 30%Narton solution
Hydrofluoric acid, 5%Nitric acid, 20%
Hydrogen superoxide, 30%Nitro benzene
Illuminating gasNitrous fumes, dry
Lactic acid, 10% solution in waterPerchlorethylene
Ligroine (cardon-hydrogen mixture)Phenol
Magnesium chloride, saturated solution in waterPhenyl ethyl alcohol
Magnesium sulphate, saturated solution in waterPhosphorus oxychloride
Manganese sulphate, saturated solution in waterPotassium cyanide
MercuryPyridine
Mercury chloride, saturatedStyrene
MethaneSulphuric acid, concentrated
Nitric acid, 10%Sulphurous acid, 10%
Oxalic acid, 10% in waterSulphury chloride
Oxide of zineTetrachloroethane
OxygenTetrahydrofurane
OzoneTetraline
PentaneThiophene
Perchloric acid, 10% in waterToluol
Perhydrol 30%Trichloroethylamine
Potassium bichromate, saturated solution in waterTrichloroethylene
Potassium bromate, saturated solution in waterTricresylol phosphate (softener)
Potassium carbonate, saturated solution in waterXylol
Potassium chloride, saturated solution in water
Potassium nitrate, saturated solution in water
Potassium metabisulphite, 4% in water
Potassium rhodanide, saturated in water
Potassium perchlorate, 10% in water
Potassium permanganate, 10% in water
Potassium persulphate, 10% in water
Potassium sulphate, saturated solution in water
Propane gas
Propanyl alcohol
Propionic acid, concentrated
Propyl alcohol
Resorcin solution, 1%
Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, saturated solution in water
Sodium bisulphate, saturated solution in water
Sodium bisulphite, saturated solution in water
Sodium carbonate, saturated solution in water
Sodium chlorate, saturated solution in water
Sodium chloride, saturated solution in water
Sodium hypochloride, 0.5% solution in water
Sodium sulphate, saturated solution in water
Spirit, pure
Sublimate, saturated solution in water
Sulphur
Sulphuric acid, 50%
Sulphuretted hydrogen
Tartaric acid, 10%
Urea, saturated solution in water
Water
Zinc chloride, saturated solution in water
Zinc sulphate, saturated solution in water

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B. Germicides

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Baktol, 5%Dimamine T, 5%Carbolic acid
ChloramineSagrotan, 5%DDT
Delegol, 5%Tincture of iodineTB-Lysoform
Hydrogen superoxideZephirol
Lysoform, 2%
Maktol
Merfen, 2%
Oktozon, 1%
Perhydrol
Resorcin solution 1%
Spirit, pure
Sublimate
Trosilon G extra, 1.5%

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C. Detergents

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Ajax
Javel water
Laundry soap
Silicone fluid-emulsion
Soft soap

D. Technical Oils & Lubricants

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Aral BG®58Diesel oilCamphor oil
Automatic switch greaseHeating fuel oilDrilling oil
Baysilon®-silicone oilsJet propulsion fuel JP4 (kp 97-209°C)Skydrol 500 A®
BP Energol HL 100®Shell Tellus 11-33®
BP Energol EM 100®Turpentine oil
BP H LR 65®Valvoline WA 4-7
Brake fluid (ATE)Varnish
Burnishing oil Brunofix®
Cable insulating oil IG 1402
Cable insulating oil KH 190
Calcium soap fat
Castor oil
Contact oil 611
Esso Estic 42-45®
Fish oil
Grease R Z Darina®
Hydraulic oil Vac HLP 16
Mobil DTE oil light®
Mobil special oil 10 w 30®
Molikote®-paste
Molikote®-powder
Nato-turbine oil 0-250
Naphtenic lubricating oil
Paraffin oil
Polyran® MM25 (lubricating oil)
Rape seed oil
Renocalor N®
Sewing machine oil
Shell Spriax 90 EP®
Shell Tellus 33®
Silicone fluid
Sodium soap fat
Texaco Regal oil BRUO®
Texaco Regal oil CRUO®
Train oil
Turbo oil 29

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E. Adhesives & Sealing Materials

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Cellux® — adhesive filmAll-purpose glue
Gypsum
Insulating tape
Perbunan C®
Putty
Rubber (softener-free)
Terostat®
Tesafilm
Tesamoll®
Sea 210
Silpruf
Serbaseal MP
Dow Corning 917
Dow Corning 3793 (w.)
Dow Corning 7098
Dow Corning 791
Parasilico PL (cl.)
Proglaze
3M 431 -aluminum tape
Gerlinger 712 -aluminum tape

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F. Polishing Agents & Antistatics

SafeNot RecommendedProhibited
Delu-Antistatic solution®Antistaticum 58Antistatic C, 5%
Persoftal®, 2%Arquad 18®, 50%